Iran’s Perspective on Naturalistic Writings and a Binary Oppositional Analysis of Chubak’s “Antari Ke Loutiash Morde Bud” (1949)

By Seddigheh Badiei.

Published by The International Journal of Literary Humanities

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published online: December 22, 2015 $US5.00

This paper discusses naturalistic features that have “denaturalistic” consequences because of the behaviors of a semihuman character. Sadeq Chubak’s short story, “The Baboon Whose Buffoon Was Dead” or “Antari Ke Lutiash Morde Bud” (original title), reflects many naturalistic theories that refer to pessimism. The paper analyzes the text’s binary oppositions to find “denaturalistic items, which create duality and then misery in a semihuman’s life. Darwinism and existentialism force Iranian naturalist Sadeq Chubak to select a semihuman character and a seemingly dead human who are facing the harsh conditions of semiliberty, which does not bring happiness. Religious themes ring everywhere, and troubled experiences are lamented in the story. Therefore, the character is forced to come back to his formed mind and then is trapped by his own selection, not natural selection.

Keywords: Sadeq Chubak, Naturalism, De-Naturalism, Humanity, Free Will, Determinism, Binary Oppositions

The International Journal of Literary Humanities, Volume 14, Issue 1, March 2016, pp.29-33. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: December 22, 2015 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 412.272KB)).

Seddigheh Badiei

MA Student, English Literature, Payam-E-Nur University of Shiraz, Shiraz, Iran (Islamic Republic of)