Back to the Future: Françoise d'Eaubonne, Ecofeminism and Ecological Crisis

By Danielle Roth-Johnson.

Published by The International Journal of Literary Humanities

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Although most scholars writing in English about feminist thought in English credit Françoise d'Eaubonne with coining the term “ecofeminism,” very few actually discuss the content of any relevant texts written by her. Many also assert that ecofeminism is an essentialist, apolitical, and ahistorical movement with no relevance to current feminist or ecological concerns. This paper will present a response to such critiques through an analysis of the original French text of d'Eaubonne's “Écologie-Féminisme: Révolution ou Mutation?” (“Ecology-Feminism: Revolution or Mutation,” 1978) and will provide a reflection on the historical evolution of the term “ecofeminism” within international feminist circles.

Keywords: Françoise d'Eaubonne, Ecofeminism, Environment, Ecological Crisis, Feminist Theory

The International Journal of Literary Humanities, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp.51-61. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 381.703KB).

Dr. Danielle Roth-Johnson

Visiting Assistant Professor in Women's Studies, Interdisciplinary Programs, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA

Assistant professor-in-residence in women's studies in the Interdisciplinary Studies Program at UNLV, Danielle Roth-Johnson received her Ph.D. from Stanford University. She has taught at Penn State and the University of Texas-Arlington. Her current work focuses upon the activism of women in environmental justice movements around the world and the impact of public and environmental policies on women's health.